Highly Addictive Opioids and How to Prevent Their Addiction

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Introduction:

Opioid addiction is an epidemic that has grasped every section of the U.S. population, irrespective of class, ethnicities, gender, age, etc. A considerable part of the population has one or more of their loved ones affected by this addiction. But if we have to dive to the cores, we need to gather relevant know-how on opioids.

Opioids are the class of medicines that act as painkillers by interacting with opioid receptors present in the body. The drug is mainly used in controlling acute pain after a traumatic surgery. There are different risks associated with the medicine if administered incorrectly. Opioids can be synthesized naturally as well as artificially. The natural form of opioid includes morphine, whereas the artificially synthesized opioids are Duragesic, Actiq, and Fentanyl. Sublocade treatment is the first-line treatment given to patients in overdose cases.

Opioid drugs absorb and pass through blood and attach themselves to opioid receptors present in the brain cells. These cells release various signals that mitigate the pain and enhance the feeling of pleasure and comfort. Although opioid medication has beneficial effects, it also proves to be dangerous when the drug is misused in any case. In case of opioid poisoning, suboxone treatment clinics should be consulted immediately.

Highly addictive Opioids:

1. Opium:

Opium is one of the most intoxicating opioid drugs extracted from crude botanical opium-poppy plants. The opioid is mainly dispersed in liquid and solid dosage forms, but most frequently, it is used in powdered form. Earlier, opium was habitually used in the form of smoke, but now it is used by mixing the content in tinctures or other liquid for oral or injection use. The opium extracts mainly contain an opioid alkaloid used in forming numerous narcotic drugs such as morphine, codeine, and oxycodone.

2. Heroin:

Heroin is mainly a semi-synthetic opioid drug that is used illicitly across the world. Although it does not have any medical use, it possesses a high potential for abuse and dependence. It is a highly addictive drug that decreases pain and leads to cognitive impairment and respiratory failure. Further, it also increases sedation and slows down the autonomic nervous system of the body. A combination of buprenorphine and Naloxone is widely used in treating the social and psychological effects of patients addicted to morphine and heroin.

Various suboxone treatment clinics near me can be approached in case of poisoning and drug overuse. The most common form of buprenorphine and Naloxone is suboxone that can help regain control over the lives of addicted individuals. Heroin can be misused via various methods, such as smoking, puffing, and injecting self. Heroin acquires a high strength of drug abuse, with more than 16000 people dying of overdoses every year in the United States. The symptoms of heroin addiction include shortness of breath, decreased heart rate, cold skin, hypotension, and cardiac arrest.

3. Hydrocodone:

Hydrocodone, more commonly known as Vicodin or Norco, is the top prescribed drug by medical practitioners in the U.S. This class of drugs is classified under schedule II controlled drugs. Hydrocodone has multiple medical benefits of suppressing pain and cough in case of throat congestion. It is generally administered orally, but many people attempt to overdose the drug by smoking, snorting, or injecting themselves for pleasure.

4. Fentanyl:

Fentanyl is a class of opioid drugs that are synthesized artificially in laboratories. It is mainly used to treat severe pain in patients that are tolerant to other opioids. It is considered 150 times more potent than morphine and can be used as a cheaper drug substitute for other opioids.FDA reported more than 5000 deaths due to fentanyl overdose in 2017.

Patients should be immediately rushed to notable Suboxone clinics in case of accidental poisoning or overdoses. The DEA report issues in 2015 stated more than five million prescriptions were generated for the dispensing of fentanyl. Most commonly, fentanyl is available in the form of sublingual tablets, lozenges, sprays, and buccal tablets. The medication has the capacity of developing a sense of euphoria when present in an intense amount.

5. Codeine:

Compared to any other opioids, codeine is a mild opioid generally used for its antitussive properties. It is best used to treat cough and mild pain. Although codeine is considered a less potent analgesic drug, it can be misused by combining it with other intoxicating drugs. Nearly 20000 people were referred to suboxone doctors due to an overdose of codeine in the year 2015.

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How to prevent Opioid Addiction?

A doctor or medical professionals should be consulted in cases of opioid intoxication and opioid overdose. Suboxone doctors near me practice general sympathetic treatment to treat opioid intoxication.

The treatment includes clearing the airway of patients and providing ventilation support to them. Reviewing cardiac functions is also a necessary step in treating patients with opioid misuse. Once the cardiac operations are examined, it is essential to monitor all other vitals constantly until the drug is entirely flushed out of the body.

Administering Naloxone is a significant step in treating overdose cases. Naloxone basically acts as an antagonist with no euphoric properties involved. It is generally given through intravenous or subcutaneous routes that can reverse the sedation effect and respiratory depression caused due heroin overdose.

1. Treating the addiction to opioids differs from person to person. The main aim of suboxone doctors is to help the patient stop using any opioid drugs in the future.

2. When a person is subjected to opioid addiction treatment, their body will react differently, leading to nausea, vomiting, depression, and abdominal cramps. These reactions can be termed withdrawal symptoms.

3. Methadone or a combination of buprenorphine and naltrexone is generally prescribed as sublocade treatment to treat the withdrawal symptoms.

4. Methadone and buprenorphine help control the withdrawal symptoms as they target the same center where opioids target the brain.

5. Medicine and antagonists can help in relieving the physical need for opioids in the body. However, it is vital to address the mental and emotional needs also. Behavioral therapy can best work in controlling the mental and emotional needs of opioids effectively.

Summing up:

The majority of the Suboxone clinics near me are devoted to supporting and helping people with opioid addictions. They constantly work towards providing better tools and support to quit the addiction and move on generally with your life.

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